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[七下] 如何掌握特殊疑问句?

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发表于 2013-3-18 10:54:55 |显示全部楼层


以特殊疑问词开头的疑问句叫特殊疑问句,不能用Yes或No回答。

特殊疑问句的句型为:疑问词+一般疑问句。当疑问词who,what,which在句中作主语时,语序是陈述句的语序。

1.what可以用来询问“什么,何物,何事,怎样的”。如:

What is it?那是什么?

What is she?她是干什么的?

What's your name?你叫什么名字?

What are you doing?你在做什么?

What animals do you like?你喜欢什么动物?

What class are you in?你在哪一个班级里?

What day is it today?今天星期几?

What time do you go to school?你几点钟上学?

What kind of movies do you like?你喜欢哪一类电影?

What club do you want to join?你想参加什么俱乐部?

What language does he speak?他讲什么语言?

What's your favourite subject?你最喜欢的学科是什么?

2.who用来询问“谁”,可作主语,表语或动词宾语,其宾格形式是whom,whose表示“谁的”,用作定语。如:

Who is your math teacher?谁是你们的数学老师?

Who is David?大卫是谁?

Who is not here?谁没有到?

Who is speaking?请问你是哪一位?(电话用语)

Who knows the answer?谁知道答案?

Whose eraser is this?这是谁的橡皮擦?

Whose socks are these?这些是谁的袜子?

Whom do you want to see?你想见谁?

3.when“什么时候”,用来询问时间,如果具体询问“在几点钟”也可用what time。如:

When do you want to go?你想什么时候去?

When does he usually take a shower?他什么时候洗澡?

When is your birthday?你的生日是什么时候?

What times does he go to bed?他几点钟去睡觉?

4.where“什么地方”,用来询问地点。如:

Where is your pen pal from?你的笔友来自哪里?

Where does she live?她住在什么地方?

Where are lions from?狮子来自什么地方?

Where do you work?你在什么地方上班?

5.how“怎么样,如何”,可以用来询问方式、手段、状况等。如:

How are you?你好吗?

How do you spell your name?你如何拼写你的名字?

How is the weather today?今天天气怎么样?

How are you getting along?你近来好吗?

How do you go to school?你怎样去上学?

6.why“为什么”,用来询问原因,常用because引导的原因状语从句作答。

—Why do you like music?你为什么喜欢音乐?

—Because it's fun.因为它有趣味。

—Why do you want to see the lions?你为什么想去看狮子呢?

—Because they're cute.因为他们逗人喜爱。

—Why does he like koala bears?他为什么喜欢树袋熊?

—Because they're kind of interesting.因为他们有些趣味。
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